20/09/2022

What's the role of a Full Stack Developer in IT projects?

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A well-designed website or application should be easy to use and look good. However, achieving this goal requires a careful balance between form and function. The frontend of a website is responsible for its appearance, while the backend handles the more technical aspects such as database interactions and server-side processing. In order for a project to be successful, both the frontend and backend must work together harmoniously.

Correlation between frontend and backend

One of the most important things that the frontend and backend need to do is communicate with each other effectively. The frontend needs to send information to the backend so that it can be processed, and the backend needs to send information back to the frontend so that it can be displayed to the user. If there is a problem with communication between the two, it can lead to delays and errors. Another important thing that they need to do is cooperate in order to achieve common goals. The frontend and backend need to work together in order to create a seamless user experience. When everything works together smoothly, users will have a positive experience on your website which will keep them coming back.

Investing time and resources into making sure that your frontend and backend work together well is essential for any website that wants to be successful. By ensuring that these two parts of your website are working together efficiently, you can create a website that is both beautiful and functional

What is frontend?

The frontend of a website is responsible for the graphical interface that users interact with. This includes the layout, colors, and fonts used on the site. It also determines how users interact with the site, such as how menus and forms are displayed. The frontend code is written in HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. These programming languages are used to create the structure, style, and behavior of websites. Together, they make up the "client-side" of a website, which is executed by the user's web browser.

What is backend?

When most people think about a website, they focus on the frontend, or the visible part of the site that users interact with. However, the backend, or server-side, of a website is just as important. The backend of a website is responsible for the server-side processing of data. This includes storing data in a database, powering authentication and authorization features, and sending notifications. The backend code is written in languages such as PHP, Ruby on Rails, and Node.js. These languages are used to create the "server-side" of a website, which runs on a web server. The backend is essential for ensuring that a website runs smoothly and efficiently. Without it, users would be unable to view or interact with any of the site’s content.

While the frontend and backend are two distinct parts of a website, they work closely together to provide a seamless experience for users.

Comparison: Frontend vs Backend

As you already know, there are two main types of developers: frontend and backend. Frontend developers are responsible for the design and layout of a website, as well as the interactivity and user experience. Backend developers, on the other hand, focus on the server side of things, such as databases, security, and scalability. Both types of developers are important for the overall success of a website, but the skill sets required for each are quite different.

Frontend developers need to have a good eye for design and be able to create interactive user interfaces that are both user-friendly and visually appealing. They also need to have a strong understanding of usability principles and be able to code in multiple programming languages. Backend developers, on the other hand, need to have a strong understanding of server-side technologies. They also need to be able to efficiently manage databases and ensure that the website is scalable and secure.

While both frontend and backend developers are important for the success of a website, their job duties are quite distinct. Both types of developers bring their own unique skill sets to the table that are essential for building successful websites.

Who is a full stack developer?

A full stack developer is a developer who possesses a strong understanding of both the front-end and back-end development environments. They work to make sure that the front-end and back-end of an IT project work well together, and often act as a bridge between the two groups.

Full stack developers need to have a good understanding of both the frontend and backend development environments in order to build a successful application. They spend less time working on individual features and more time ensuring that the application as a whole is stable and works well. In addition, they need to be able to identify and fix any potential compatibility issues between the frontend and backend. Sometimes, without a strong Full stack developer, an IT project is likely to fail.

Full-Stack Developer Duties and Responsibilities

A full stack developer is responsible for developing and designing front end web architecture, ensuring the responsiveness of applications, and working with team members to create state-of-the-art applications. They are also involved in planning and managing application development projects from start to finish. To be a successful full stack developer, one must have a strong understanding of all aspects of web development, including both front end and back end development. In addition, they must be able to work independently as well as collaboratively with others. Full stack developers must also be able to effectively communicate their ideas and thoughts to both tech and non-tech team members. Excellent problem-solving skills are another essential trait of successful full stack developers. If you are interested in becoming a full stack developer, then these are some of the duties and responsibilities you can expect to have.

Full stack developers responsibilities:

  • organizing and managing the entire software development process from start to finish,
  • updating the software after it has been deployed,
  • managing the entire product life cycle for software and applications,
  • overseeing and leading the research, writing, development, and deployment of software,
  • supervising the automated testing and providing management with comments throughout each development stage,
  • making changes and testing them to improve existing programs,
  • creating the front-end architecture for websites, including design elements that are interactive, responsive, and pull data from a server.

developing back-end applications, databases, and servers for creating a highly functional website, Solving various problems and fixing bugs.

Full stack developer skills and qualifications

Below you'll find the list of skills and qualifications required for a full stack developer:

  • front-end languages, e.g. HTML, CSS, and front-end programming languages, JavaScript, TypeScript, and frameworks such as React.js, Vue.js, Angular, Gatsby, Flutter
  • back-end programming languages, e.g. C#, Java, Python, PHP, and JavaScript frameworks, e.g. Kotlin, Netlify
  • database management: PostgreSQL, MySQL
  • infrastructure provider - AWS, Digital Ocean
  • queuing systems - RabbitMQ
  • APIs - REST, GraphQL
  • functional testing solutions - Selenium
  • basic UI/UX design knowledge, and graphic programs, like Figma, and Photoshop.

Fullstack Developer - soft competences

Each position in IT has strictly defined soft competencies. Below you’ll find soft competencies for a full stack developer:

  • analytical thinking,
  • problem-solving ability,
  • attention to detail,
  • leadership,
  • time management skills,
  • organizational skills,
  • communication skills,
  • teamwork skills.

Is hiring a full stack developer or a frontend and backend developer a better idea?

So, you’re probably wondering - is hiring a full stack developer or a frontend and backend developer a better idea?

(Un)fortunately, for this type of question, the answer is always: "it depends". What does it depend on? It depends on the size and scalability of the software, and the specific needs of the project. A full stack developer can be a good option if the project is small and relatively simple, while hiring separate frontend and backend developers may be a better idea for larger or more complex projects.

For example, one project can have only one backend developer and one frontend developer and it can be enough for the development. On the other hand, for smaller projects, only one full stack developer can handle the entire development. There is often a situation where the level of complexity of a particular project is so high, that it requires many hands on deck — Back End, Front End, and Full Stack Developers. :)

If you’d like to talk about your project idea, or need a consultation in choosing specialists - we are here to help you. Please, contact us, and we’ll see what we can do. :)

Marcin

Marcin

CTO

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